Bigfoot is real. That’s according to a group of Colorado researchers who say they have hard evidence proving its existence.
Researcher Dave Paulides is convinced the reality of Bigfoot isn’t as fuzzy as the photos from people who claim to have seen the mythological creature.
“This DNA is like nothing else in the world,” Paulides said.
Paulides says Bigfoot looks approximately 7 to 8 feet tall and weighs in at a whopping 800 to 1,000 pounds.
“It’s easy to say a lot of things are crazy. If you lived underground your whole life, the belief that 400 people could fly in a plane would sound crazy,” Paulides said.
Paulides says his research group has collected hundreds of samples of DNA evidence. He focused his search in Northern California’s redwoods. He says strands of hair are from a Sasquatch, genetically tested to reveal a previously unknown species.
Not a single research institution in the country has confirmed the DNA test results, but Paulides says there are thousands of sightings a year, from California to Tennessee, including dozens in Colorado.
“Colorado Parks and Wildlife does not currently list ‘Sasquatch,’ ‘Yeti,’ ‘Bigfoot,’ ‘The Abominable Snowman,’ or ‘Harry’ (of ‘Harry and the Hendersons’) as any of the more than 900 diverse species that are native to Colorado,” the organization said in a statement.
“I think that the government probably is aware of the subject, but it’s difficult to give acknowledgement to something that they obviously can’t control,” Paulides said.
Paulides says he’s surprised more people haven’t seen Bigfoot. He believes there could be as many as 50,000 in the wilderness.
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In a controversial interview that has ignited commentary across the world, a respected Harvard professor of genetics has suggested an “extremely adventurous female human” might someday serve as surrogate mother for a cloned Neanderthal baby.
Besides saying that the cloning of a live Neanderthal baby would be possible in our lifetime, George Church told Der Spiegel magazine that using stem cells to create a Neanderthal could have significant benefits to society. “The first thing you have to do is to sequence the Neanderthal genome, and that has actually been done,” Church said.
“The next step would be to chop this genome up into, say, 10,000 chunks and then … assemble all the chunks in a human stem cell, which would enable you to finally create a Neanderthal clone,” Church told Der Spiegel.
Scientists completed the first sequence of the Neanderthal genome in 2010, finding genetic evidence suggesting ancestors of modern humans successfully interbred with Neanderthals, at least occasionally. More recent research has suggested Neanderthal DNA makes up 1 percent to 4 percent of the genomes of modern Eurasians. [The 10 Biggest Mysteries of the First Humans]
The benefits, according to Church, include an increase in genetic diversity. “The one thing that is bad for society is low diversity,” Church said. “If you become a monoculture, you are at great risk of perishing. Therefore the recreation of Neanderthals would be mainly a question of societal risk avoidance.”
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‘Adventurous’ Woman Needed as Surrogate for Neanderthal Baby
Are you an adventurous human woman? Adventurous enough to be a surrogate mother for the first Neanderthal baby to be born in 30,000 years?
Harvard geneticist George Church recently told Der Spiegel he’s close to developing the necessary technology to clone a Neanderthal, at which point all he’d need is an “adventurous human woman” — einen abenteuerlustigen weiblichen Menschen — to act as a surrogate mother.
It’s not out of the question at all. As MIT Technology Review‘s Susan Young points out, scientists cloned an extinct subspecies of ibex in 2009. It died immediately, sure. But they still cloned it.
What would that entail? According to a 2008 study of a Neanderthal infant skeleton (from which the above image is taken), “the head of the Neanderthal newborn was somewhat longer than that of a human newborn because of its relatively robust face,” and Neanderthal women generally had a wider birth canal than human women. Neanderthal birth was simpler than human birth, because Neanderthal infants didn’t have to rotate to get to the birth canal, but otherwise the processes were very similar. (Even so, I imagine all but the most adventurous of human women would opt for a C-section in this case.)
Once the baby’s out, though, you’re in good shape — Neanderthal babies are thought to have grown much more quickly than their human counterparts. And Church seems to think that there’ll be a Neanderthal craze, as he told Bloomberg Businessweek last year:
“We have lots of Neanderthal parts around the lab. We are creating Neanderthal cells. Let’s say someone has a healthy, normal Neanderthal baby. Well, then, everyone will want to have a Neanderthal kid. Were they superstrong or supersmart? Who knows? But there’s one way to find out.”
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A genetic researcher is saying that Bigfoot DNA assessments establish that the furry creature actually does exist. Dr. Melba S. Ketchum states she and her staff sequenced about three complete Sasquatch nuclear genomes and concluded the species is a human hybrid — a mosaic of human and novel non-human aspects. Their conclusions have still to go peer evaluation.
Dr. Melba S. Ketchum of Nacogdoches, founder of DNA Diagnostics Inc. in the eastern Texas town of Timpson, said she and her crew expended 5 several years on their research of purported Bigfoot hair and determined they have validated the existence of a hominin hybrid Pertinent Answers/Firms species, the famous creature frequently acknowledged as “Bigfoot” or “Sasquatch,” residing in North The usa.
There have been recurrent-but-unsubstantiated claims of Bigfoot sightings additional than the a long time, which include some grainy film clips.
In a release posted on the company’s Web internet site Saturday, the scientists say their DNA sequencing suggests the animal is a human relative that created about 15,000 several years back as a hybrid cross of present day Homo sapiens with an not known primate species.
Ketchum mentioned her team has sequenced three whole Sasquatch nuclear genomes and concluded the species is a human hybrid.
“Our examine has sequenced 20 comprehensive mitochondrial genomes and utilized up coming generation sequencing to obtain a few whole nuclear genomes from purported Sasquatch samples,” she claimed in the release. “The genome sequencing shows that Sasquatch mtDNA is identical to present day working day Homo sapiens, but Sasquatch nuDNA is a novel, mysterious hominin suitable to Homo sapiens and other primate species.
“Our facts Associated Items/Firms point out that the North American Sasquatch is a hybrid species, the final result of males of an unknown hominin species crossing with female Homo sapiens.”
Genetic testing has by now dominated out Homo neanderthalis and the Denisova hominin as contributors to Sasquatch mtDNA or nuDNA, she talked about.
“The male progenitor that contributed the not known sequence to this hybrid is special as its DNA is additional distantly removed from humans than other these days identified hominins like the Denisovan particular person,” Ketchum said.
“Sasquatch nuclear DNA is extremely novel and not at all what we experienced anticipated. Even although it has human nuclear DNA inside its genome, there are also distinctly non-human, non-archaic hominin, and non-ape sequences. We identify it as a mosaic of human and novel non-human sequence.”
She mentioned even far more take a look at is vital to “outstanding characterize and have an understanding of Sasquatch nuclear DNA.”
Ketchum, who describes herself as a veterinarian with 27 numerous a long time realistic experience in genetics investigation, which include forensics, needs general public officers and law enforcement to realize the Sasquatch as an indigenous folks today.
“Genetically, the Sasquatch are a human hybrid with unambiguously modern-day-day human maternal ancestry,” she mentioned. “Government at all quantities have to understand them as an indigenous men and women today and right absent guard their human and constitutional rights in the direction of men and women who would see in their bodily and cultural distinctions a ‘license’ to hunt, entice or get rid of them.”
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Folks residing outside the house Africa discuss as significantly as several for each cent of their DNA with Neanderthals, a cave-dwelling species with muscular small arms and legs and a mind marginally larger than ours.
The Cambridge scientists examined demographic styles suggesting that human beings were far from intimate with the species they displaced in Europe nearly forty,000 many years in the past.
The research into the genomes of the two species, located a frequent ancestor five hundred,000 many years in the past would be adequate to account for the shared DNA.
Their assessment, revealed in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), contradicts latest reports that discovered inter-species mating, identified as hybridisation, almost certainly transpired.
Dr Andrea Manica, who led the review, said: “To me the interbreeding question is not whether there was hybridisation but whether there was any hybridisation that afflicted the subsequent evolution of individuals. I assume this is really, quite not likely.
“Our work shows clearly the patterns presently witnessed in the Neanderthal genome are not outstanding, and are in line with our expectations of what we would see with no hybridisation.
“So, if any hybridisation happened then it would have been minimum and considerably less than what individuals are proclaiming now.”
Data has shown that Neanderthals ended up pushed into extinction by humans who have been a lot more efficient at obtaining food and multiplied at a more quickly fee.
A prior review in 2010 suggested that interspecies liaisons near the Middle East resulted in Neanderthal genes initial moving into humans 70,000 a long time in the past.
Contemporary non-Africans reveal more with Neanderthals than Africans, supporting the claim that the mixing happened when the initial earlier humans remaining Africa to populate Europe and Asia.
The existence of a five hundred,000-12 months-old shared ancestor that predates the source of Neanderthals gives a greater rationalization for the genetic mix.
Variety inside this ancestral species intended that northern Africans have been far more genetically similar to their European counterparts than southern Africans through geographic proximity.
This likeness persisted above time to account for the overlap with the Neanderthal genome we see in modern people these days.
Variations in between populations can be described by prevalent ancestry, Dr Manica said.
“The notion is that our African ancestors would not have been a homogeneous, effectively-mixed populace but manufactured of a number of populations in Africa with some degree of differentiation, in the way proper now you can explain to a northern and southern European from their appears,” she mentioned.
âBased on common ancestry and geographic differences amid populations inside of every single continent, we would forecast out of Africa populations to be far more comparable to Neanderthals than their African counterparts â just the patterns that ended up observed when the Neanderthal genome was sequenced, but this routine was attributed to hybridisation.
“Ideally, every person will turn out to be far more careful just before invoking hybridisation, and start off having into account that historic populations differed from every other almost certainly as significantly as present day populations do.â
Northern Africans would be far more comparable to Europeans and ancient similarity stayed due to the fact there wasn’t ample mixing among northern and southern Africans.
Populace diversity, known as substructure, cant make clear info on the shared genes, mentioned David Reich, a professor of genetics at Harvard Health-related College, in Boston who authored the 2010 examine.
We have ruled out the chance that historical substructure can make clear all the proof of higher relatedness of Neanderthals to non-Africans than to Africans, he extra.
Dr Manica stated hybridisation among Neanderthals and people can never ever be disproved completely.
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